NACLIN 2005 : A Report


The Eighth National Convention on Library and Information Networking on the theme "Strategies for Managing Knowledge Resources : Promoting, Research, Education and Skills" was being organised by PES Institute of Technology, Bangalore and DELNET from August 22-25, 2005.

As a curtain raiser, a press meet was held in the afternoon of Saturday, August 20, 2005 at the Century Club which was attended by nearly twenty media and newspaper officials. The meet was addressed by Dr. D. Jawahar, Director, PESIT, Dr. H.K. Kaul, Director, DELNET and Mrs. Gayathri Sen, Organising Secretary. The registration was opened to the delegates from the afternoon of August 21, 2005 onwards at the PESIT Central Library. The participants began arriving at the PESIT from the evening of August 21st itself as the arrangements for the stay of a number of delegates were made available at the PESIT Campus near the DSCERT Guest House.

The registration started by 7 am on August 22, 2005 at the main lobby of the PESIT Library Building. In order to facilitate the smooth, hassle-free registration, more than five separate counters were operational at the venue. Around 200 delegates attended the four-day Convention with the participation of professionals from various parts of India as well as from outside the country. We were indeed pleased and encouraged to have the participation of our fellow LIS professionals from countries including Dubai, Iran, Kazakhistan and Sri Lanka.



The first day of the four-day Convention started with a tutorial on "Creating Digital Libraries Using Greenstone Open Source Software" conducted by Ms. K.T. Anuradha and other members of her team. The tutorial covered Digital Library workflows and processes, content selection, content acquisition, content organisation, content access and delivery and reservation, access management, usage monitoring, etc. The key features of the Digital Library Software were also discussed. It was followed by a presentation entitled "Overview of Open Source Software for Digital Libraries" by Ms. Devika P. Madalli, Lecturer, DRTC, Bangalore. She referred to the various open source software available for building Digital Libraries including GSDL, Fedora, Dspace, E-prints. She informed the delegates about the LDL-Librarians’ Digital Library initiative of DRTC wherein more than 250 digital documents are available.

In the post-lunch session, Mr. Francis Jayakant, NCSI, Bangalore, discussed at length the installation mechanism for installing GSDL 2.60 and Greenstone Librarian Interface. He recommended that Greenstone Software should be installed from the binary files rather than from the source code. He had demonstrated exhaustive detailed custom installation of GSDL involving collection building, search and retrieval etc. The participants took a keen interest in this part of the tutorial.

The NACLIN 2005 was formally inaugurated on August 22, 2005 at the auditorium of the PESIT Central Library amidst the exotic ambience of the dignitaries. The inaugural function began on the auspicious note of Saraswati Vandana sung by Ms. Shanta S. Rao. This was followed by a warm welcome to the delegates by the Principal, PES Institute of Technology, Dr. Balasubramanya Murthy. Prof. Balaji Singh, Director, Strategic Initiative briefed the delegates about PESIT and NACLIN 2005. The Convention was inaugurated with the lighting of the lamp by Prof. A. Neelameghan.

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                          Prof. A Neelameghan inaugurating NACLIN 2005

Dr. H. K. Kaul, Director, DELNET delivered the keynote address. He said that the libraries are facing challenges at all levels today and the latest challenge is to ensure that knowledge gets handled by the libraries and they disseminate it to the Knowledge Society. He added that in today’s world of specialisation, each library should get the maximum resources on a specific subject. According to him, Digitisation is the first step towards Knowledge Acquisition. He emphasised the creation of new knowledge as there is an imbalance in the growth of knowledge in different disciplines. He noted that the knowledge which is in the minds of the people should also be tapped.

Prof. A Neelameghan delivered the Inaugural Address. He focused on the Knowledge Management and Knowledge Discovery. He said that the knowledge-based products and services need to be developed to assist Knowledge Management and Knowledge Discovery in organisation. He suggested that there is a greater need for integrating and linking external/internal Knowledge Resources, designing and developing a user-friendly knowledge base products, need for domain specialists and knowledge specialists. He added that the cost of acquiring knowledge is quite high. He reiterated the need to tap the Domain experts who can provide the tacit knowledge.

Prof. M.R. Doraswamy, Founder, PES Institutions, released the NACLIN 2005 Souvenir. Prof. Doreswamy said that the libraries are the hallmark of an Institution. He maintained that to be an ideal librarian, one must have a great love for books and knowledge, otherwise they cannot act as role models for others. He applauded the work being done by DELNET in promoting research and helping the user community with its services. It was followed by the release of the Pre-convention Volume of the Proceedings of NACLIN 2005 by Dr. Srinivasan Ramani, Director, HP Labs India, Bangalore, followed by the Presidential Address. He said that many of us were excited by the content in the libraries and sometimes by the technology, but the primary purpose of the libraries, i.e. to educate is forgotten.

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He stressed on the need to provide a quality education to create an asset but said that we need to ensure that the asset can be converted into reality. Dr. Ramani observed that a number of the Digital Libraries have inadequate content, mentioning the E-journals content provided through Infonet. He affirmed that the content is more of a relevance to the researchers and not alone to the faculty and students. He said that there is far more involved in DL other than E-Books and E-Prints.

He emphasised a need to digitalise the educational TN Programmes and storing them in the Digital Libraries so that they can be used on 24/7 basis and at any place, any time basis by the students.

Prof. Doraswamy expressed his concern over the bandwidth connectivity in the country and felt that Broadband is still far from reality. He referred to the demonstration of the Educenter project. The programme was followed by a musical dance performance by the students of PES, School of Hotel Management. The delegates enjoyed watching the dances. Dinner was served to the delegates in the beautifully lit building of the International Hostel. For all the days of the Convention, the arrangements for breakfast, lunch and dinner to the delegates were made at the International hostel only. The accommodation facilities for the delegates were made available in the guest houses of DSCERT, International Hostel and Celestial Heights at the PESIT Campus. Transportation facilities were also provided.



The second day of the Convention began with an invited talk on "Knowledge Management and Multimedia" delivered by Mr. Srinivas Bhogle, Informatics Management Division, National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore.

According to Mr. Bhogle, Knowledge Management enables an organisation to capture, organise and access their intellectual assets. The combination of multimedia, makes the knowledge transmission more effective and multimedia tools offer a much better expression of knowledge. He also discussed the Universal Technologies for Knowledge Management and Multimedia including Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence and Statistics and Data Mining Technology. The Knowledge Management methodologies were also discussed. It was followed by the first technical session on the theme "The New Technology and Information Services". The session was chaired by Prof. A. Neelameghan. The paper entitled "Information to the Common Man : Challenges and Opportunities in the Internet Era" by K.A. Raju, "Development of E-Services for Promoting Education and Research Through Digital Library Initiatives" by Dr. Harish Chandra, "Redesigning the Services for Enhancing the Visibility of the Library Profession" by Suresh Jange and others and "Disseminating Knowledge Resources Through Weblogs" by S. Siva Chidambaran, could not be presented due to the absence of the authors. The article entitled "Web-based Information Services at BVBCET : A Case Study" written by Suresh D. Horakeri and Rajesh S. Shirakol was presented by Mr. Suresh Horakeri, Librarian, BVBCE.

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                                    A section of the Delegates at the Convention

The paper highlights the library automation work being done at BVB College of Engineering & Technology, Hubli. The library is fully automised using their self-developed software called Lims with barcode and the services are accessible through the Web on the campus wide network and the Wi-Fi is also operational. The paper also discussed the Data publishing consideration.

The next article in this session was entitled "Integrated Multimedia E-Learning Systems for Continuing Professional Education" written by Dr. (Mrs.) Uma Kanjilal, Librarian and Head, Dept. of LIS, IGNOU, New Delhi. She said that since information work is multifunctional, it requires skills of different professionals. She emphasised the need of imparting ICT Training for undertaking traditional work in the libraries. She recommended the designing of interfaces for online information, to develop the digital library system, metadata management, TQM, decision support system, copyright regulations, etc. Dr. Uma Kanjilal discussed the components of a typical E-learning system and recommended the model for E-learning-based continuing education. While concluding the session, Prof. Neelameghan reiterated the need to provide and deliver the kind of services which are being demanded. He shared with the delegates the fascinating findings of a survey undertaken by OCLC, i.e. nearly 30 countries of the world including the developing countries, according to which there are 16 billion volumes worldwide, i.e. 2.5 books per person with an estimated cost of $45 per book., 750 billion dollars are spent on the acquisition, $211 billion on academics and $201 billion on public libraries’ material. There are 1 billion libraries in the world, and one out of every six persons is a regular library user in the world. In the post-Tea session, Dr. Jayaram Havavu delivered the invited talk on "Library and Information Networking : Infrastructure, Standards and Software". He stressed the need to provide the Knowledge Resources and Value added services to the users and also to insulate the users from the information overload and to move from the Information-Oriented Paradigm to Knowledge-Oriented Paradigm. Dr. Havavu spoke at length about the fundamental infrastructure development. According to him, the three key factors for organisational effectiveness include easy access to information, effective communications and tools for effective collaboration. Dr. Havavu discussed in detail the various standards including the metadata standards authority file standards, standards for content, communication standards and interoperability standards.

The second technical session on the theme "Digital Resources Management" was chaired by Dr. I.K. Ravichandra Rao, Head, DRTC, Bangalore. The first article of this session "Open Source Software for Building Digital Repositories" was already delivered by Dr. Devika P. Madalli during the first day tutorial.

Mr. Jack Eapen C. presented his article entitled "Biblioweb Subject Gateway System : An Open Source Solution for Internet Resources Management". The Biblioweb is an open source software developed by the author for building up a subject gateway. The article highlighted the work being done, the pre-requisites for running the Biblioweb which is available free for downloading purposes.

The next paper entitled "Essential Strategies and Skill Sets towards Creating Digital Libraries Using Open Source Software" written by M.G. Sreekumar and T. Sunitha was presented by Mr. M.G. Sreekumar. The article highlighted the amazing penetration of E-content in the libraries, the features of Digital Library Software and the installation of Greenstone Software is mentioned in detail in stepwise manner and the work being done at IIM, Kozhikode was also discussed in the paper. It was followed by a paper presentation entitled "Management of E-resources: Case Study of Information Management Areas at IICT, Hyderabad" written by Dr. (Mrs.) Lalitha Kumari and S.J.D. Varaprasad and presented by Dr. Lalitha Kumari. The paper highlighted the E-resources available at IICT and its management. The last paper of this session was presented by Mr. Rajender Singh Bist entitled "Planning Digitisation Project of Gandhi Smriti Library, LBSNAA" written by Ramesh Kumar Goyal, Rajender Singh Bist and Kamal Kumar Joshi. The article discusses the digitisation work at LBSNAA, the criteria for selecting material, the digitisation process undertaken including scanning, storage and retrieval, the cost analysis is also being done for performing the digitisation work.

The articles entitled "Digitisation of Manuscript Collection of A.C. Joshi Library, Chandigarh : A Case Study" by Amar Nath and Aarti Sharma and "Digital Library and Knowledge Base on Petroleum : An Integrated and Future Compliant, Practical Approach in ONGC" by A.K. Srivastava and B.B. Shinde could not be presented because of the absence of the authors. The session was followed by lunch.

The post-lunch session on Library Consortia, chaired by Mr. N.V. Sathyanarayana started with an invited talk on "E-resource Management through Consortia" delivered by Dr. Jagdish Arora. He appraised the delegates about the INDEST consortium funded by NHCB wherein around 19 crore is being spent for subscription to 5000 journals. He also discussed the various types of consortia models like Closed Group Consortia, Centrally Funded Consortium and Shared Budget Consortium. He discussed the selection of procurement of E-resources involving negotiation and pricing.

The first article entitled "E-journal Collection Development Prospects : The IIM Consortium Experience" written by Mr. M.G. Sreekumar and T. Sunitha was presented by Ms. T. Sunitha. The article covers the salient features of E-journals, the various E-journals consortia models and their benefits were discussed. Special emphasis was being made on the IIM Consortium and the major issues concerning consortia.

It was followed by the paper presentation by Mr. K.V. Ratnakar of the article entitled "Resource Sharing Through Consortia : An Example of JCC@ICMR" written by K.V. Ratnakar, K. Satyanarayana and N.C. Jain. The article highlights the initiative taken by ICMR to subscribe to E-journals electronically through JCCC. The paper highlights the benefits of the J-Gate Custom Content for Consortia to the 25 ICMR Libraries".

The last article of this session was entitled "Consortia Management for E-journals in Technical Libraries" written by Amrita S. Pradhan and N.S. Deshpande. The article was presented by Mrs. Amrita Pradhan, Librarian, Sinhgad College of Engineering, Pune and highlighted the features of Indest Consortium (2) being subscribed by the library and she also discussed the management of Consortia-based subscription.

It was followed by a product demonstration of EBSCO by Mr. Shahji and then by an Award Presentation for the Best Lending Library for Articles to Dr. Jagdish Arora, Librarian, IIT, Delhi.

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                            Dr Jagdish Arora receiving the Award from Dr H K Kaul

The last session of the day, Session IV on the theme "Knowledge Management" was chaired by Dr. S. Venkadesan, Prof. Incharge & Librarian, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. The invited talk on "Developing Libraries as Knowledge Centre : The Strategies for Knowledge Management" was delivered by Dr. H.K. Kaul. Dr. Kaul, in his article emphasised the need of transforming the libraries into Knowledge Centres so that the society could get transformed and the benefits can be extended to the people which can lead to the improvement of their socio-economic conditions. He also discussed the basic principles to be adopted for establishing the knowledge centres involving the resources, technical services, manpower, etc. The facilities which could be provided through the Knowledge Centres were also highlighted. There were three contributed articles in this session. The articles entitled "Practising for Knowledge Management in Digital Libraries" written by H.M. Chidananda Swamy, Jayaprakash and M. Dhanamjaya and article entitled "User Relationship Management : A Digital Perspective" written by H.M. Chidananda Swamy, D.S. Udaykumar and R.M. Putta Swamy. Both the articles were presented by Mr. H.M. Chidananda Swamy.

A special cultural programme was organised performed by the artists of the Prabhat International. The delegates enjoyed the performances, which was followed by dinner.

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                    A glimpse of the Cultural Programme performed by Prabhat International


The third day began with an invited talk on "Search Engines" by Mr. Sriharsha, Informatics India Pvt. Ltd. He focused on the basics concerning Search Engines, their searching queries, features of Search Engines and the working of the Search Engine and the indexing mechanisms in the Search Engines. The integration of Search Engines with various application was also discussed.

The fifth Technical Session, on "Information-seeking Behaviour of Users" was chaired by Prof. M.B. Konnur. The first article of the session entitled "Information Seeking Research : An Overview of Transition from Book to Web" was delivered by Dr. S. Balasubramanian, Librarian, PMCTW, Vallam. It was followed by a paper presentation entitled "Information-seeking Behaviour of Ecologists : A Case Study of Library and Information Centre, CES, IISc." written by Yashwant G. Kanade and K.S. Chudamani, presented by Mr. Kanade. He discussed in detail the information-seeking patterns of the Ecologists Students and emphasised the role of the Library and Information Centres.

Another article entitled "Library set-up in the Institutions of Mata Amritanandmayi Math" was presented by Ms. Indira Nair. She discussed in detail the Amrita University Management System. Amrita Vidyalaya, which is in operation and the various modules that are available such as University Management System (UMS), Learning Management System, Student Relationship Management System, Content Management System, etc.

In this session, we had paper presentations by two delegates from outside India. The article entitled "The Issues of Organisational and Cadre Development of the National Library of the Republic of Kazakhistan" was presented by Ms. Tasybayeva Svetlana Akhmedyerna, Deputy Director of the National Library of the Republic of Kazakhistan. The paper highlighted the services provided by the National Library of the Republic of Kazakhistan. She also informed the delegates about the India Study Centre which has just been opened in the National Library.

Another article entitled "Information-Seeking Behaviour (Attitude and Skills) of Users in Academic Libraries in Tehran (Iran) : A Study by Mansour Tajdaran and Dr. Surya Nath Singh. The article comprised a case study being done by the author in Iran. The study revealed that 46.9 percent of users got assistance from the library staff and most of the users, 83.2 percent, located their information from books.

The Sixth Technical Session on "User and User Studies" was chaired by Dr. M.S. Sridhar. Two articles entitled "Internet Using Pattern of Veterinary Science Students : A Case Study" by G. Rathinasabapathy and T. Mohana Sundari, presented by Mrs. T. Mohana Sundari. The article is based on a survey done amongst the students of Veterinary Science in the Madras Veterinary College, Chennai.

The last article of NACLIN 2005 entitled "Familiarity and Use of Available Electronic Information Resources by the Students in Siddhartha Engineering College Library, Vijayawada : A Survey" was presented by Dr. M. Doraswamy. The three other articles in the session were not presented owing to the absence of the presenters. It was followed by a live demonstration on DELNET Services by Ms. Sangeeta Kaul. Later there was a product demonstration of the ACM Digital Library, Balani Infotech, New Delhi.

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                                        A section of the Exhibition Stalls

A panel discussion was organised on the topic "Preparing Information Professionals for Knowledge Management". Prof. Shalini Urs, Head, Department of LIS, University of Mysore and Director Vidyavahini Project was the Chairperson for the panel and coordinated the discussion. The panelists included Mr. I.R.N. Goudar, Librarian, NAL, Bangalore, Dr. S. Mandal, Director, National Library of India, Mr. M.G. Sreekumar, Librarian, IIM, Kozhikode and Mr. Kavi Mahesh, Consultant Infosys and Guest Faculty, PESIT.

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                          Prof. (Mrs) Shalini Urs coordinating the Panel Discussion

The panelists discussed the issues concerning Knowledge Management and felt that as library and information science professionals, it is our duty to harness knowledge which is very complex and the extent to which we can leverage. Knowledge can be determined by the society around us and we need to control, organise and disseminate knowledge. The libraries have to play a crucial role in harnessing the knowledge. They felt that three disciplines which are related to Knowledge Management are : Management Sciences, Cognitive Sciences, etc.

The panelists also felt that there is a good market for Knowledge Management professionals. Knowledge is the main factor behind the success of the organisation but the main challenge is how to transform the profession. There is a need for Knowledge Managers who need to get trained. According to the panelists, the essential skill sets for the professionals require the technology domain, knowledge domain and having the right attitude and amptitude is also essential. It is also felt that we have not been able to inculcate a sense of lifelong learning and they need to be further expanded and extended. We need to move from process and procedure to strategies.

The last session of the NACLIN 2005 was a product demonstration by Informatics India Pvt. Ltd. (The information about JGATE, JCC and JCCC was provided)

The valedictory address was given by Dr. N. Seshagiri, Emeritus Scientist, CSIR Centre for Mathematical Modeling and Computer Simulation, Bangalore and former Director-General, National Informatics Centre, New Delhi. Dr. Balasubramaniya Murthy, Principal, PES Institute of Technology welcomed the delegates and Prof. Balaji Singh, Director, Strategic Initiative delivered the Presidential Address. Dr. H.K. Kaul, Director, DELNET also spoke on the occasion and the details of NACLIN 2005 Report was presented by Ms. Sangeeta Kaul, Rapporteur-General and Network Manager, DELNET.

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                                          Dr N Seshagiri delivering the Valedictory Address

Dr (Mrs) Uma Kanjilal, Head, Dept of LIS and Incharge, Library, IGNOU received the DELNET’s Best Lending Library Award for the year 2004-2005.

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                                           Dr (Mrs) Uma Kanjilal receiving the Award

The valedictory function ended with a vote of thanks given by Mrs. Gayathri Sen, Organising Secretary, NACLIN 2005.



The post-Convention tutorial on MARC-21 was conducted by Ms. Sangeeta Kaul, Network Manager, DELNET on August 25, 2005. She discussed in detail the MARC-21 and the worksheet creation work was also done by the participation. A demonstration of Delplus LAN Version Software developed by DELNET was also demonstrated by Mr. Phani Kumar, Network Assistant, DELNET.